China's success in military and economy

 


Although China has been fighting for overall development, it has in a very short time been the most talked about country in the international arena. The country has emerged as a new military and economic power in the world.

 Now China is transforming economic instincts into military power for security. China has become an irresistible force in East Asia. China's defense and military spending is the highest in East Asia.


Looking at the rise of China, it has to do with both economic and military issues. China has first enriched the economy, then applied capital and modern strategies on military policy, emphasizing national and regional security, mutual cooperation, trade, as well as investing abroad to facilitate diplomatic activities.

 Although China is not a superpower equal to the United States, it has the capability to prevent security breaches, especially in the event of a direct attack by the United States. The United States is involved in many of the world's problems. 

On the other hand, China's activities are more involved in economic prosperity, advanced technology and modern war materials. Economists believe that by 2030, China will surpass the United States economically. 

Due to the financial blockade and extreme pressure during the Trump administration, Iran, Turkey, Russia, China and some allied countries started trading in other currencies instead of the dollar, which still exists. China pursues a policy of "Sun Tzu", which means "victory without direct war." For this, China is building diplomatic relations with its neighbors. However, due to India's various anti-China activities, India is not on the list for this type of policy.


China's military and economic growth is said to be at odds with the United States' desire to move to the Asia-Pacific. China wants to redesign the region through bilateral and group-based cooperation.

 Analysts say the Pentagon's war with China is getting tougher. In the 1990s, Chinese ships or aircraft could be destroyed in the West Pacific before they entered US military units, but now those units are under Chinese missile, torpedo and drone strikes.

For centuries, China has had some neighborly disputes, such as India, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam. Here, too, China continues to try to apply victory tactics  without any war. However, there are neighbors who want to settle disputes by fighting. For them, there is China's 'wolf war diplomacy'.

The Chinese navy has two modern aircraft carriers, one in Liaoning and the other in Shandong. Outside its coastline, China bravely conducted these exercises, conducting complex combat exercises with a combination of navy officers and pilots. Militarists do not think this is an easy task.

 But Xi Jinping's bigger plan is working. China does not give a hint in advance about its activities. In addition to these two carrier, two more modern aircraft carriers have already been built. These can hold quite large and large aircraft. In addition, nuclear carriers have also been designed so that they can be built and floated very quickly.

 China has built a large number of amphibious vehicles, which will be used in tactical warfare on any island. All of this has caught the attention of the West, the new rise in China's military capabilities and power has made the West thoughtful. And Washington is trying to stop China by all means. 

Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said in an interview with a Japanese newspaper last November that Joe Biden would be more prudent about China than Trump. Dr. Mahathir is a major critic of the United States. Especially his criticism is against of helping Israel by USA. But he praised Biden, saying he will try to improve relations between many countries, which have suffered under Trump's period.



In a short period of time, the number of members of the China Marine Corps has increased from 20,000 to 100,000. They are being trained by day and night in different missions. Incidentally, the United States tops the list of the world's largest marine armies. 

Their members are 180,000 whereas China have 100,000, South Korea owns 29,000, Vietnam 28,000, Thailand 23,000 and Indonesia 20,000. China's new giant amphibious assault ship is ready to rescue mariners on a war-torn island. 

In all such wars, the Chinese military has launched a "mobile command center" that does not approve of conventional tactics. Dredged Island is built in the South China Sea. It's like an army floating in the deep sea.

China has continued its efforts to increase its economic influence in other countries and continents. The Marines and ships will be used as auxiliary forces to protect the interests and security of the Chinese.

 The support of powerful forces for the maintenance and security of Chinese resources and capital in the long run is considered as a strategic element in today's world. The ‘Mobile Command Center’ is entrusted with the task of explaining the mission with purpose, plan and objective.

The Navy's deep-sea drones accompany the submarine carrier, and stealth aircraft have been added to the carrier. The navy has a computerized missile system with refueling systems in the sky, which can be used to sink enemy carriers. For these reasons, the PLA Navy or the Chinese Navy has become a powerful force. However, like the West, many neighbors are worried about the rise of this power.



At the end of last year, the Chinese government issued a white paper on defense spending. There is a saying, "If you gain strength, you don't need to attack." China wants to resolve maritime issues by its militia and coastguard instead of using navy. 

To implement this policy, the Chinese navy is training and equipping militias and coastguards with modern weapons to protect China's interests at sea. Note that the Chinese Coastguard is the largest and strongest in the world. In addition to modernizing their ships, modern ships have been handed over. 

The daily routine of naval militias is to follow their own 'fishing boats' and oil tankers and to take measures including intimidation of intruders in their own waters. So naval militias also have to work in the South China Sea. 

Thus the naval militia and the Coast Guard have now done what the Chinese Navy once did. The naval protection fleet of China is working unhindered, even in the Red Sea and the Strait of Hormuz

As a result, the Chinese navy has now become a 'global military power'. At the end of the last year and more recently, the Chinese navy has conducted joint exercises with South Africa and Russia in the Cape of Good Hope and with Pakistan in the Arabian Sea to make sure of its strong presence.


The neighbors have many calculations about China. Other neighbors are not supporting the policy of interest. Japan is already arming its country by abandoning its decades-old pacifist policy.

 They have begun the process of exporting weapons and building sophisticated weapons, as well as procuring modern warfare equipment, including US F-35 aircraft and missile defense batteries. India is aware of China's influence in the Indian Ocean.

 India is trying to make its navy bigger and better. India has also started building a career in its own technology. In other areas India is trying to improve its military; collecting war equipment from France and Chile too.

Despite the dire financial crisis, the Indian government has allocated Rs 500 billion for the construction of a state-of-the-art submarine. The Indian Navy is adding 24 submarines to its arsenal.

 Six of them are completely new technology nuclear attack submarines. The new submarine series will include 12 land attack cruise missiles and anti-ship cruise missiles. Submarines will be able to carry and launch torpedoes into the sea. 

This submarine project is going to be one of the most modern defense projects in the military history of India. The Project -75I class submarines will be built under a joint venture agreement with five companies from France, Germany, Spain, South Korea and Russia. Prime Minister Modi said the emphasis would be on the 'Make in India' project. This is an example of its plan

India is now China's adversary in regional geopolitics. China has already formed a ring around India with points from Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and is also influencing the Indian Ocean. 


Similarly, India is also working to counter China by maintaining relations with countries other than Pakistan. The country has chosen the United States as a suitable opponent to oppose China. The United States is seen as the only hope to stand up to any Asian superpower.


 The communist country of Vietnam has opened the door to friendship with its old enemy, the United States, allowing US ships to sail in the North Korean port, as well as negotiating with Russia, India and other regional powers to strengthen its naval power. Similarly, Australia has increased the size of its harbor to anchor US Navy ships.

Over the past decade, China has enriched the Pakistani port of Gwadar with strategic military and trade routes, targeting the Indian Ocean. It has built various projects, which are still ongoing. The outside world does not know about most of them. Gowadhar is close to the Hormuz strait.


 If necessary, it is easy to come and go from Gwadar to Chittagong port of Bangladesh. India, China and the United States are keen to make Chittagong a more modern and developed port. China has modernized the port of Hambantota in Sri Lanka. Large ship berths have been built. China's trade and military activities can be easily carried out through this port. Pakistan will also benefit. 


Sri Lanka will be able to use the port of Gwadar from here. The agreement was also reached during Imran Khan's visit to Sri Lanka. You can check the article of 'Sri Lanka-Pakistan: Friendship from Diplomacy' from this blog. It is seen that China has free movement in the Gwadar-Hambantota-Chabahar-Hormuz strait. 


China controls the Persian Gulf, the Sea of ​​Oman and parts of the Indian Ocean. The situation is similar in the South China Sea. John Gravet, a well-known commentator on the Asia-Pacific defense industry, said, "China has reached a point in military power in the South China Sea that has hampered the passage of other powers".



A report by the BBC and the University of Sydney in Australia found that China's military might be challenged in many ways by the United States for not being a superpower. It has been said that the US defense strategy is in an unprecedented crisis in the Indo-Pacific region. 


The United States has shown the world its power in overseas missions over the centuries, and now China is on the move. China wants to increase its power in Asia and around itself, and as China has already become a superpower in Asia, they are becoming rivals of the United States. 

According to the BBC, China has studied the capabilities of the United States and the war fighting, and they are working on development of a strategy to resist USA. If a war breaks out in the Asia-Pacific, China will devise a "first island chain" and a "second island chain" tactic to prevent the United States from charging a battle at sea. 

The ‘First Island Chain’ is a group of islands along the South China Sea. The line of this island starts from the bottom of Japan which crosses Taiwan and crosses the western side of the Philippines! The ‘Second Island Chain’ is a series of islands in the more remote part of the ocean, including the island of Guam.

 The island of Guam has important US bases. China also wants to use its weapons to stop Guam. North Korea's Kim Un has threatened President Trump with a nuclear attack on Guam. He even set a timeline for the attack. The United States is also aware of China's tactics.

Beijing has expressed their firm commitment with Russia in order to protect the world in accordance with international law. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi made the remarks while talking to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. 

"We want to be a guardian in international affairs," Wang said. "We will work to keep the international system in line with the principles set forth by the United Nations, where we work for peace, development, justice, democracy, equality and freedom in accordance with universal values."

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