Who will be the successor to Merkel in Germany?

 The departure of Chancellor Angela Merkel, the longest-serving Chancellor in German history, is very close. After 16 years in power, she will no longer run in Germany's 20th national elections in September. In 2016, she voluntarily resigned as president of his party, the Christian Democratic Party.

There is a lot of discussion in Germany about who will be Merkel's successor. There is no politician around the image of Angela Merkel that has been created in German politics for a long time.

Learning from their grey history, the society and politicians of post-World War II Germany have always walked the path of unity, solidarity and democracy, and sought the path of economic liberation. In this way, the German nation and country have been exposed to new glory to the neighbours and the people of the world.

 Since 1949, there have been two main political parties in Germany the Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats. Both these parties have been ruling the country around. Most of the time, however, government formation requires the support of smaller parties, such as the Liberal Democrats, the Environmentalist Green Party, the Left, or the Christian Social Union of Bavaria.

However, the deviation occurred during the 19th national election of 2017. The far-right party, Alternative for Germany, formed in 2013 that year, broke a 70-year tradition in the election.

 The anti-religion, anti-refugee, anti-immigrant and anti-EU party won 94 seats in the German parliament Bundestag, the third-largest political party and the main opposition party in the legislature. That year, a coalition of the Christian Democratic Party, the Social Democratic Party, and the Christian Social Union Party came to power.

Merkel is unprecedented in balancing German politics. The prime minister, who won the 1990 general election in East Germany, served as spokesman for Maiziere's government. Merkel, a  physics student, entered the politics of a united Germany the same year with Helmut Kohl.

 Chancellor Kohl served as Minister of Family Affairs in 1991 and Minister of the Environment in 1994. He later became the general secretary of the Christian Democratic Party in 1998. She has been the party's president since 2000. 

There were many veteran politicians in the Conservative Christian Democratic Union party. Merkel made her place in the country's politics by overcoming everyone with her talent and strategy.

The whole of Merkel's 16-year rule, however, was not smooth. She has to deal with the asylum to 1 million refugees in 2014, continued criticism and unwarranted pressure from Germany and the EU after Donald Trump took office in the United States in 2017, additional taxes on Germany's car and steel industry, the UK leaving the European Union in 2020, the decision to withdraw US troops from Germany, the Cold War with Russia over the construction of the gas pipeline, the latest decisions in the Corona situation and the delay in corona vaccination.

"Angela Merkel was a symbol of good fortune on the forehead of German politics," Harfield Minkler, a professor of political science at Humboldt University in Berlin, told the Der Tagesspiegel newspaper a few days ago. "I don't see a political successor like her at the moment. '

Merkel's party, the Christian Democrats, will run for chancellor in September, said Armin Laschet, the party's current president and chief minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany's most populous state. Laschet, who was involved in law and journalism early in life, is considered an immigrant-friendly politician. He has been the Chief Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia since 2017.

Olaf Scholz, 62, has been nominated for chancellor by Germany's second-largest party, the Social Democrats. He is currently the finance minister of the coalition government. He was once the mayor of the port city of Hamburg. He was general secretary of the Social Democrats during the tenure of Chancellor Gerhard Schroder. He has also served as Labor and Social Welfare Minister in the coalition government of Merkel. Since 2018, he has been the finance minister and assistant chancellor of the coalition government.

The most popular party in Germany at the moment is the Environmental Green Party. Annalena Baerbock, 40, has been nominated by the party for the post of Chancellor. 

The Hanover-born woman is studying political science and public law at the University of Hamburg and the London School of Economics at Public International Law. He has been a member of the Green Party in the German parliament since 2013.

Five months before Germany's 20th election, opinion polls suggest that the Green Party will get 29%, the Christian Democrats-24%, the Social Democrats-15%, the Liberal Democrats -11%, the Left-6% and the Radical Alternative for German-9%.

According to the recent tradition of German politics, none of the main parties seems to get a single majority. In that case, the coalition government may be formed again.

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