The polarization of politics in West Bengal of India

The regional party Trinamool Congress came to power for the third time in a row with a big victory in neighboring India's West Bengal.

 Political observers believe that the election has served as a regulator of the consciousness of the people of West Bengal against religious politics behind such results. 

The communal party does not want the BJP, the Trinamool have taken full advantage of this attitude. However, it remains to be seen whether the party will see this as an advantage in the days to come to strengthen the politics of Trinamool in West Bengal.

 Interestingly, the anti-communalist policy is the trend of the leftist movement. In this state, it was supposed to be led by the Left Front. But it did not happen. The leftists of West Bengal have shown complete failure in this regard. 

Being depopulated is the real cause of the tragic consequence of the Leftists. On the other hand, as the days go by, the nature of the BJP has emerged in the politics of the state. The party has carried out its activities without any ideological cover. 

There was no concealment. However, the party that has taken almost the whole of India by the hand, they could not capture West Bengal. Many political analysts in West Bengal have said that the current government will not last in this state. The ruling party Trinamool will have to leave the state. But Mamata came back to power by blowing up those ideas.

This time the Trinamool has touched the record of the Left Front. According to the Election Commission of India, the Left Front won the 1987 Assembly elections with more than 50 per cent of the cast votes. 

This time the Trinamool vote rate is reminding the political analysts of that election. On the other hand, in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP got 40.3% of the cast votes , but this time their votes have decreased.

 According to the tally, the party received 36.5% of the cast votes. In the 2016 assembly elections, the Trinamool won 211 out of 294 seats. They also got 44.3% of the cast votes for the party. And in the 2011 election, the Trinamool got 36.9 percent votes. In the 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the party got 39.5% and 43.3% of the cast votes, respectively.

The Modi-Amit Shah duo of the ruling BJP at the Center campaigned for a change of power in West Bengal. Yet most of the people in the state have relied on Mamata's compassion to make her party a massive winner. The party won 213 seats. 

Naturally, the question arises, why did the Hindutva politics of the BJP collapse in the end, despite the intense heat in the electoral field in West Bengal? In short, the primary reason for the BJP's failure is that political awareness and secularism are more prevalent in this state than in many other states in India. 

In the general communal strategy, the voters here did not lean towards the BJP in the end. Usually, the main capital of BJP politics is to spread religious hatred and take advantage of the election field. 

With this capital, the party has won almost all over India, but in a few states like West Bengal, their campain has been failed. Outside its own workforce, the BJP's Hindutva appeal in West Bengal, where 75 per cent of residents are Hindu, has dwindled.

With the Left Front in power in West Bengal for 34 years, the youth of the state have grown up in a kind of communal coexistence, which is not conducive to RSS-BJP politics. 

They see BJP's politics as a comfort-destroying element. Which did not allow the wind to blow in the sail of religious insanity. At the very last moment, the sail ripped, which the BJP leadership did not realize, nor did it let the workforce understand.

The Modi-Amit Shah duo has attended in so many public meeting  during the election campaign. The Prime Minister's visit on the occasion of a state election is an unprecedented event in Indian politics. However, the results were not as expected. 

As can be seen from the polls, the Hindu community in West Bengal did not vote for the BJP just because it was a Hindutva party. In a state where about 70 per cent of Hindus vote, Hindus would have voted exclusively for the BJP, as they did in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, then the BJP would have been far ahead.

 From the 2014 Lok Sabha elections to the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP's Hindu vote increased from 21 percent to 56 percent. This polarization was expected to intensify in 2021. But despite the failure of communal polarization politics, the BJP also got votes. 

That is why we can't say that BJP's politics of polarization has failed miserably. A large section of Hindus must have voted for the BJP, otherwise the BJP where it got only three seats in 2016; there they got 77 seats in the 2021 assembly elections.

 However, the proportion of votes has decreased compared to the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. Even so, there is no denying that the BJP has managed to spread religious polarization. But in the case of all other states, what was seen after the 2019 Lok Sabha elections was also seen here. The BJP's vote share in the Assembly polls from the Lok Sabha has declined.

On the other hand, it is also true that a large section of Hindus voted for the Trinamool. The politics of West Bengal has changed a lot in this election. On the one hand a Hindu vote bank has been formed, on the other hand a secular vote has been formed. And the Left and the Congress were completely wiped out.

There are a few clear messages from the BJP's failure in West Bengal. The first thing that catches up is that the party has no positive politics for minorities. The BJP has become the absolute majority party, which is not at all in line with the Indian cultural heritage. 

Again, since the BJP insists on entertaining the majority to win in northern India, it is because of states like West Bengal where 30 per cent Muslims have a vote; Its electoral success there seems unlikely in the near future.

Despite gaining the status of an opposition party in West Bengal, the BJP must get a large number of Muslim votes to come to power. In that case, the BJP will not be able to attract a section of Muslims in the state, but it will have to divide the Muslim electorate. 

The BJP was also keen to catch the rift in the Muslim vote. But this time it did not work. The future will tell how successful these strategies will be in the long run.

Second, people in the politically conscious areas of India are not accepting the BJP as much as the backward areas. The reason for the BJP's low acceptance in West Bengal is that the education rate here is working to create political awareness. 

At the same time, the BJP has no alternative but to use Hindutva to reach out to all Indians, regardless of their religious affiliation. Looking at the results of this election, it can be said that the people of West Bengal don't see politics as a religious issue as much as they see it as an issue of public life. 

This difference in Bengali culture could not be surpassed by the electoral tactics of Modi-Amit Shah. That is the proof again in West Bengal.

For the time being, BJP's victory in West Bengal has come to a standstill. Is the outcome of this election a foretaste of a halt in its all-India politics? All the people of South Asia are curious to see the impact of the West Bengal election results on all-India politics.

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  1. Bengal politics may be summed up as follows :
    The 30 % Muslim population would never vote for BJP . Well aware that BJP has little prospects , they would consolidate to vote the winning party - the TMC
    From out of the rest , majority would be swayed by an appeal to regional identity . That leaves only Hindus who have migrated from Hindi speaking regions and settled in Bengal as the votaries for BJP..
    The only hope for BJP lies in tapping Bengali leadership . But will that make any significant change in electoral Maths. Your guess may be as good as mine .