Military spending is increasing rapidly during the Corona period

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) released a report on April 27 entitled "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2020". According to the report, military spending has been rising worldwide since 1988. 

Despite the deteriorating financial situation of almost all the countries of the world during the ongoing pandemic, the trend of increasing expenditure in the military sector has not stopped.

 It has been found also in 2020 that the United States is in the first position in the world in terms of military spending. The expectation was that world leaders would be at least somewhat humane in the time of a global pandemic. 

They would be interested in joint initiatives to save the world from the pandemic. They might take away some of the focus from the war. In reality, that did not happen. On the contrary, the world community has seen governments around the world believing in the expansion of militarism during the war-torn pandemic. They are busy with increased military spending.

The report states that the total military expenditure of the world in 2020 was 1981 billion. This is the highest annual military expenditure in the world since 1988. SIPRI has been reporting on world military spending trends and expenditure statistics since 1988. 

It mentioned that in 2020, the actual military expenditure in the world has increased by 2.6 per cent as compared to 2019 and about 9.3 per cent compared to 2011. In the last decade, the world's military spending has increased by about 10 per cent. 

The report comes at a time when global GDP growth has fallen to 4.4 per cent due to the adverse effects of the corona. The global military burden has risen from 0.2 per cent in 2020 to 2.4 per cent in 2020 compared to GDP. The rate at which the global military burden has been growing every year since 2009, is the highest in 2020.

 Of course, in many countries like South Korea and Chile; their expenditure levels have increased compared to pre-planned military spending in 2020. On the other hand l, Russia and Brazil, have significantly reduced their pre-planned military spending by 2020.

The SPIRIT report notes that the United States is at the forefront of military spending by a wide margin. The United States spends 39 per cent of the world's total defence spending. The United States is one of the top ten military spending countries in terms of growth.

 However, despite a much smaller budget than the United States, Germany and South Korea are ahead of Washington in terms of defence spending growth.

China is second only to the United States in terms of military spending. Yet the US military spending this year is three times that of China. China accounts for only 13 per cent of the world's total military spending, compared to 39 per cent of the United States. 

China does not want to increase the national military burden by increasing defence spending at this time because itssssts economy was slow in 2020. On the other hand, India, Russia and the United Kingdom are on the list of the top five military spending countries. 

Although the three countries' defence budgets are much smaller than those of China, they are much lower than those of the United States. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the top 10 military spending states to reduce its defence spending by 2020.

According to the report, the total military spending of the top 15 military-spending countries in 2020 stood at 1603 billion, which is 61 per cent of the world's total military spending.

 During 2019-2020, there has been some change in the military spending position of the top fifteen countries. Notably, among the top fifteen countries, Israel came in place of Turkey and the United Kingdom moved to the top of Saudi Arabia. 

In 2020, Saudi Arabia's military spending fell by 10 per cent. The UK is now in the top five in this regard.

The United States, the world's top military spender, had a military budget of 6 billion USD in 2020, accounting for 39 per cent of the world's total military spending. The combined military spending of the top twelve countries is equal to that of the United States.

 In 2020, the country's military burden was 3.7 per cent of the country's GDP, up 0.3 per cent from the previous year. 

In 2020, US military spending was 4.4 per cent higher than in 2019. 2020 was the third consecutive year that the United States continued to increase its military spending.

China is the world's second-largest military spender, accounting for 13 per cent of the world's military spending. China will spend 252 billion on the military in 2020, equivalent to 1.7 per cent of the country's GDP. 

This amount is 1.9 per cent more than in 2019. China's military spending has been rising at the same time for 26 years. The long-term military modernization and expansion process has worked behind it. 

According to the country's National Security Ministry, China's defence spending has been raised in anticipation of a potential national security threat.

India's military spending in 2020 was 72.9 billion, which is 2.1 per cent more than in the previous year, the report said. Besides, it is 34 per cent more than in 2011. 

Conflict with Pakistan over Kashmir and the ongoing border tensions with China were the reasons behind this growth. However, fears of a security threat from China to India, have further inflated Delhi's military budget.

According to the report, Russia's military spending in 2020 was 61.7 billion USD, which is 2.50 per cent more than in 2019. 

After reducing the country's military budget in 2017 and 2018, it is increasing in 2019 and 2020. There was a tendency to increase Russia's military budget for 18 consecutive years before 2017.

The combined military spending of NATO allies by 2020 amounted to 1103 billion USD. Six of the world's top 15 military spenders are NATO members: the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy and Canada. 

The military spending of these six countries is 995 billion, which is half of the total military expenditure of the world. According to the report, almost all of the top 15 military spending countries have increased military burdens between 2019 and 2020. 

However, the GDP of almost all countries has decreased in Corona at this time. Among the top 15 military spending countries in 2020, the highest military burdens were in Saudi Arabia (+0.6 per cent), Russia (+0.5 per cent), Israel (-0.4 per cent) and the United States (+0.3 per cent).

In 2020, military spending was concentrated in two of the world's five regions: the United States (43 per cent) and Asia and Oceania (28 per cent). Military spending in these two regions accounted for two-thirds of the world's total spending.

In 2020, Europe's military spending was 19 per cent of total world spending. As a result, it has become the third-largest military spending zone. Africa has the lowest military spending; The region's total military spending is 2.2 per cent of global military spending.

According to limited data, the total military spending in the Middle East is about 9 per cent of global spending. Five of the world's top ten military burdens are in the Middle East. 

Oman's military spending in 2020 is 11 per cent of GDP. Saudi Arabia's GDP is 8.4 per cent, Kuwait's is 6.5 per cent, Israel's is 5.6 per cent and Jordan's is 5.0 per cent. 

Algeria's military spending is 6.7 per cent of GDP, Azerbaijan's 5.4 per cent, Armenia's 5.9 per cent, Morocco's 4.3 per cent and Russia's 4.3 per cent.

Analyzing the data of the report, it is clear that we have not been able to get out of the trend of militarization and increase in military expenditure all over the world. On the contrary, the process and trend of militarization have been further strengthened at this time.

 Because the leaders of most of the countries of the world could not get rid of the ghost of militarism from their heads. The main reason for the continued increase in global military spending is the steadfast adherence of world leaders to this militarism. 

Without coming out of this, the fear of war will increase. As a result, the death game of arms innovation-production and trade will increase in the country. People will face misery, torture, oppression, indiscriminate killings.

Militarism is the name of the belief or expectation of the government or people of a country. Believers believe that a state must have strong military capabilities. 

Military force must be used aggressively for the expansion of national interest, prestige and heroism. It is further thought that the administration of a country should be dominated by the army.

Throughout history, militarism has been a significant element in the policies of imperialist, expansionist countries. 

Presence has been observed in the Assyrian Empire, the Greek city-state of Sparta, the Prussian Kingdom, various monarchies, the Ottoman and Japanese empires, the Soviet Union, the United States, the British Empire, Mussolini's reign in Italy, Germany and the First French Empire under Napoleon. 

Many empires have come to an end. However, the world has not yet come out of the circle of militarism.

Many countries in the world are still clinging to the militarism of the past. The United States is a prime example.

Its allies, including the United States, continue to expand militarism in the name of counter-terrorism. The extent of the expansion can be gauged from a January 2019 report in Smithsonian's magazine. 

An infographic map was published in that report. It shows that in some countries of the world, the US Army has continued different types of war in the name of the anti-terrorism. According to a map by Smithsonian Magazine, the US military is now conducting military operations in 40 per cent of the world's countries.

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