Is China uniting Turkey, Pakistan and Iran?

 


Power never sleeps. The power apparatus has to keep an eye on it all the time to find threats, to guard its own interests. The fierce competition of power does not stop in the Corona pandemic. Rather, it has increased.


On March 27, Iran and China signed a 25-year strategic agreement. The agreement covers military and economic cooperation. The deal would affect US efforts to impose economic sanctions on Iran. 

Besides, the agreement will play a big role in involving Iran and Turkey in the China-Pakistan economic corridor.

Economy and geopolitics are no longer separated. Iran, Russia, China, Turkey, Pakistan all need to be ahead in the competition for regional influence.

 Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Iran's ambassador to Pakistan, recently said that Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, Russia and China have the potential to form a new alliance. He said the aim would be to build a better future for the region.

Iran, Pakistan, Turkey formed alliances at different times. The CENTO Alliance was born out of the 1955 Baghdad Pact. It included Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Britain. 

At that time, its purpose was to deal with the Soviet Union. In this alliance of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, the then superpower Britain has been replaced by the current world leader China.

China's goal is to reduce its US influence in the Middle East by drawing closer to Iran and Turkey. The fact that Turkey and Iran are involved in the wars in Syria, Libya and Yemen is also due to the growing influence of each side. 

This is not possible without forcing the Arab states, especially the Saudi alliance, to step aside. Such a large alliance is only a matter of time, as the interests of China and Russia coincide with economic and political interests.

Meanwhile, US President Biden has announced the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan. Naturally, Pakistan would like to increase its influence in Afghanistan again. China and Pakistan will be on the same page in this work. So if an alliance is formed from Pakistan to Iran, it will act as a bulwark for China.

Although both Iran and Turkey want to be leaders in the Muslim world. Even then, Turkey will be ahead. In addition to the Middle East, Turkey already has a presence in the South Caucasus region and in the Greek sea. 

Whatever the rivalry between them, the strengthening of relations between the two countries against the common enemy due to the hostile Arab states is as clear as the calculation.

On the other hand, Turkey-Pakistan relations are also getting closer. Erdogan recently said, "Military, economic and diplomatic relations between Turkey and Pakistan are not an optional affair, it is an obligation." The two countries are working together to build long-range missiles and warplanes.

Recently, the two countries also held a joint military exercise called Ataturk 11-2021. There is also talk of nuclear cooperation between Turkey and Pakistan. 

Having an atomic bomb in the hands of Iran and Turkey means a complete change in the calculation of power in the Middle East.

Historically, Iran has served as a bridge between East and West. The China-Iran agreement is a stepping stone to that new communication. It remains to be seen which other countries will follow the path taken by China's Belt and Road (BRI).

However, it seems that while the pandemic has become deadly for humanity, it has brought opportunities for China and its allies.

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