Why is there so much violence in West Bengal over elections

 In West Bengal, the heat of elections is on the rise, with violence happening almost every day. 

The two main parties — the Trinamool Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), are mainly attacking each other, and more BJP workers are dying.



Let's take a look at the recent history of violence in West Bengal. The account of the violence was sent in late 2020 by the propaganda department of the three main political parties - the Trinamool Congress, the BJP and the CPIM (Communist Party of India-Marxist).

The Trinamool estimates that 1,067 people died between 1996 and the end of 2020, an average of 90 a year. According to the CPIM, 615 of them died between May 2009 and November 2019, an average of 62 a year. 

On behalf of the BJP, Indian Home Minister Amit Shah said in February that more than 130 of its workers had been killed in West Bengal.

This is not to say that political violence and killings have only recently begun. Human rights activists Sujat Bhadra and Purnendu Mandal in their book Political Assassination in West Bengal, 1998-2010, said in a survey that more than 3,955 political activists from different parties had died during that time. Of these, more than 1,100 workers are from the Left Front.

It is difficult to get the previous information in one place. Many people died during the Naxal movement in West Bengal in the sixties and seventies. Not all of its calculations are in one place.


Bharatjyoti Roy chowdhury, a researcher and political activist, wrote his documentary on the Naxal movement from forty-seven to seventy and before and after, with names and addresses. 

Compared to other states in India, West Bengal did not have more people killed in caste wars or communal riots (excluding partition). 

But deaths from political violence have been consistent.
The question is, why?

There are multiple reasons. In short, we are just highlighting the root cause. The reason is economic, and to put it bluntly, Congress is responsible for it.

 As long as they have been in power since independence (until 1967), the Indian National Congress has formulated a monetary policy to make West Bengal a poor state. 

Money flowed out of West Bengal and it developed into a 'labor hub', which was the goal of the Congress. Independence-North India has developed the whole of East India as a center of labor supply.

In 1951, the Congress introduced the policy of tariff equation. Prior to this policy, the eastern Indian state of Bihar or Bengal paid much lower freight charges for minerals produced in eastern India. 

This is because the distance from the mines in eastern India to Patna in Bihar or Kolkata is much less.

For this purpose the headquarters of a large coal or steel factory was usually in Calcutta. 

Due to the distance, the then united state of Bombay (a part of Gujarat was also included there) had to pay much higher fees. 

In 1956, the Congress-led central government unified the tariffs of all the states.

As a result, Bengal had to start paying the same amount as it had to pay to Bombay, a state far from the mines.

 As a result, Bengal lost its 'price advantage' and traders moved elsewhere. There are many such examples.

This is what happened as a result. At the time of India's independence in 1947, 27% of the total national industrial production came from West Bengal. 

As a result of the policy of the Congress, it decreased to 18 percent in 1960-61. Besides, the famine of 1943, the partition of 1947, the continuous strike of the leftists, the influence of the Naxal movement were there.

The then Chief Minister of West Bengal and Congress leader Bidhan Chandra Roy (1952-62) wrote to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in his letter day after day about this plight.

 Journalist Ranjit Roy has also written in his book how the Center destroyed West Bengal.

This is the internal neo-colonialism of India. Workers come to Europe from underdeveloped countries, inside India it has been done by keeping certain areas of the country poor. 

Because India is not an international colonial power, it has to recruit workers from its own relatively weak state.

They central government have to keep the state or region poor to meet the need of the manpower . It was started by the Congress, the rest is moving forward. 

The BJP has repeatedly said it wants to improve West Bengal's economy, but has not opened its mouth to past policies.

Due to all these, 'partying' became the way of life for most of the people in the village. The party became the life and livelihood of the people. 

There is no money in the market, there is no business, there is no job, so the party can save him. People began to forget that the party was not a religion, but a process, a method of strengthening the democratic system.

 I will vote for the one who will do good - people have moved away from this basic condition of democracy.

Whether it is good or bad, the party must be in first priority. Because, the family will get its livelihood from this party. 

It is the will of the party that they have been bombing, torturing women, burning houses, killing opponents and hanging them in the past.

 As a result, politics in West Bengal has gradually become 'sectarian'.

This group-centric politics is now growing all over India. In India, however, it is not directly affected by the economic downturn, although the stagnation of the economy is a major factor. 

In India, this sectarianism is increasingly centered on religious sentiments. As a result, violence is on the rise in almost all states, including West Bengal. It is not possible for anyone to say where the violence ended.

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