Why are there so many protests in the countries?



Now is the time for fierce protests. Protests erupted from Beirut to Baghdad, from Hong Kong to Paris, from Santiago to Delhi, from Sao Paulo to Tehran. 

The second decade of the new century will go down in history as a time of protest. It all started in Tunisia. Everyone called it the Arab Spring.

Since then the spring of protests has only been prolonged. We found nothing but the cries of inequality and imbalance in the air of this spring. 

There have been protests in France this week as well. Farmers, who have been protesting for changes in India's agricultural laws, flew the flag of the movement at Delhi's Red Fort on Republic Day on Tuesday. 

Although these movements are in different countries and societies, they are all intertwined. The struggles are against global inequality, against unevenness.

Why did the farmers of India suddenly become so furious? Many have been shocked by their behaviour. It was said that the farmers would go back with a tractor. 

But in a hurry, they started entering the red fort like the water of the flood. Who benefited from this incident, who suffered losses, will be analyzed. 

Whether the national flag was disrespected by flying Nishan Sahib (Flag of Sikhs) in the Red Fort is also being discussed. The national anthem, the flag, the symbol are all symbols of nationalism. 



These signs are lost in the womb of time. The new nationalism is developed. But human rights are eternal.

The peasants of India want the assurance of eternal civil rights. They don't want to be burdened with the debt. They want the assurance of normal death. Now there is no proletariat in the society. 

A new class has emerged called Precariat (whose livelihood and standard of living are uncertain). Millions of people are protesting in different countries. 

In Hong Kong alone, 1.7 million people protested in one day. Governments have collapsed in several countries in the face of mass movements. 

Dictatorship has re-emerged. But why are so many people protesting? Some people think that people can get on the path because democracy is working properly.

There are also opposite views. Democracy is in crisis now. The number of followers of this dissent is high. 

Neo-liberal democratic norms are not meeting the needs of the people. Income inequality is rising. Ordinary citizens are not able to match the expenditure with income.

Looking at the reasons for the protests, it can be seen that economic issues are involved with every protest. 

In Tunisia, a street hawker named Bouazizi was set on fire in protest of rising living costs, corruption and irregularities.

 If you can't change the political and economic rules, burn yourself in the fire of anger.

Arrogant Bouazizi was burnt to ashes in the fire of that anger. There has been a movement in Chile to protest the rise in public transport prices.

 Protests have erupted in Tehran over the rise in gas prices. Hundreds of farmers in India have taken on the burden of debt.

One thing that has been said over and over again for some time is that the neo-liberal economic structure is no longer working. 

According to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, there have been 230 protests in 110 countries since 2016. The 78 per cent authoritarian government is facing protests. Also, people in 25 countries have protested against the COVID-19 situation for not being able to deal with it properly. 

Researchers are discussing why this is not working and its consequences. Researchers have identified three direct effects of the neo-liberal system on society. 

It is these influences that have put the public on the path.

First, there is extreme inequality of income and wealth in society now. According to the United Nations Development Program, inequality in developing and poor countries is at an all-time high since 1990.

 The majority of the people in these countries are being discriminated against. The United Nations has warned that if this situation continues, the income of 0.1 per cent of the world's population will be equal to the income of 40 per cent of middle-income people.

Some South Asian countries can be a great example of this. According to a recent report, the poverty rate in these countries has risen to 42 per cent due to COVID-19.

 The poverty rate before COVID-19 was 20 per cent. Poverty has increased by 22 per cent in one year. But the income of the people of these countries has increased in the last decade. 

After the increase in per capita income at this stage, poverty is not expected to increase so much in one year. The real situation is that the income of a few people is much higher than the per capita income. 

And some people's income is lower than that. So poverty is also increasing. That's why COVID-19's push has made 22 per cent poorer.

 The number of millionaires in those countries has also increased during COVID. Foreign income has also increased.

This day of despair will surely come to an end one day. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries were a struggle against colonialism. This was the war of national liberation struggle. The fight is still going on. It is a struggle against economic inequality.


The loophole of the neo-liberal economy is here. If you go to statistics and data, you can see that all the indicators are going up. Income is increasing, the number of millionaires is increasing, the number of poor is also increasing. 

It's not just in these South Asian countries. Or not just in developing and poor countries. The number of poor is now increasing in developed countries as well. 

There have been regular protests in France for two years. The situation is similar in other European countries. 

Unable to cope with its economic crisis, Britain is trying to manage the situation by implementing Brexit.

Another reason for the increase in mass protests around the world over the decades is that democracy is shrinking. 

According to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, there have been 230 protests in 110 countries since 2016. The 78 per cent authoritarian government is facing protests. 

Also, people in 25 countries have protested against the COVID-19 situation for not being able to deal with it properly.

Another aspect of the neo-liberal economy is that it gives the rulers a chance to stifle democracy. Citizens' democratic rights are lost behind various upward indicators and data of development. 

Development of democracy, this sophistry The public is involved. Outrageous corruption, irregularities and inefficiency also create anger in the minds of the people.

 According to a 2019 survey by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 85 per cent of Mexicans, 83 per cent of Brazilians, 70 per cent of Tunisians, 64 per cent of South Africans and 63 per cent of Argentines are dissatisfied with the government's actions. Frustration is growing day by day in other countries too.

But this day of despair will surely come to an end one day. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries were a struggle against colonialism. The war of national liberation struggle. 

The fight is still going on. It is a struggle against economic inequality. This struggle will surely usher in a new dawn in a non-discriminatory world in the hands of millions of precariats. 

The authoritarian rule around the world will end. This suffocating situation must end. But in this way, there will be many repercussions. There will be the poison of conspiracy all around. 

So reaching the goal is difficult but not impossible. In the history of human civilization over the last five thousand years, success stories have been written to reach such a difficult goal.

Post a Comment

0 Comments