Public outrage against the king in Thailand


 Protests are not new to Thailand, but last year's protests and unrest were unimaginable. Rallies against the king in that country are unthinkable. 

The people never thought of taking a stand against the king. Despite the protests, the government and the administration continued to protect king Maha Vajiralongkorn and marked the anti-king position as a crime. 

The action was taken against those found guilty of the crime of ‘Lèse-majesté’ (crime against the king). It is a long-standing law and tradition in Thai society to oppose the king. 

Yet now the people see the monarchy as a form of oppression and have taken to the streets in protest.


The first university campuses began to heat up in February 2020. Then in August, students and activists dramatically came forward with various demands and questions of the king's power. 

Parliament rejected the demand for constitutional reform and reduction of the king's power. Protesters claim that if the 10-point demand is not met, it will turn into a one-point one.

 One point will be the People's Republic of Thailand instead of the monarchy. The practicalities of this claim are wide and extensive; 

E.g. 1. Exclusion of Article 6 of the Constitution. As stated in this article, no one can make any legal complaint against the king;

 2. Repeal of Article 112 of the Constitution; 

3. Excluding the king's wealth and expenses from the royal budget and bringing them into the hands of the Ministry of Finance;

 4. Shrinking the royal budget in line with the country's financial situation; 

5. Elimination of unnecessary agencies and offices, such as the Privy Council and the military powers of the king; 

6. Abolish the practice of giving gifts of any kind and curb royal spending; 

7. The king did not inform the public of his political aspirations; 

8. Excluding the king's eulogy curriculum and public relations campaigns by deifying the monarchy in textbooks; 

9. Investigating the cause of civilian casualties;

 10. Stop the king from leading any military coup.

The royal establishment and support groups and the military authorities came forward to deactivate the claimants.

 Last December, protesters fell into the trap of the Lee Majesty case. Forty young leaders have been jailed for Lèse-majesté crimes, a number that is growing rapidly.

According to the protesters, the king enjoys unlimited power, let them be legalized under the constitution. But the king will get the royal expenses and manpower, which he deems worthy. 

There will be no complaints from the people. In Thailand the king will enjoy power and honour as a symbol of the people and Buddhism; There, people don’t want to interfere. 

The flood of cases has been filed as a weapon to defeat the opponent.

 However, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, a former army general who was pardoned in 2014 after a scandalous coup, said the king had told him not to use Article 112 of the Lèse-majesté Act.

This problem originated from the time of King Bhumibol. During the 2006 coup, Thailand was divided into red and yellow, causing political problems.

 King Bhumibol used "Lèse-majesté" law to bring the problem to light. Although these have not happened before, they have been increasing since 2008, and public anger has also been increasing.

 After the death of Bhumibol, his son Maha Vajiralongkorn, the present king, sat on the throne with this problem.

 As before, the critics of the king continue to be imprisoned. Yet the situation has not improved.

When the prime minister announced that the king had asked for a speedy reduction of the number of cases, it was an indication that the number of cases was increasing.

 In this regard, the student leaders and the leaders of the protesters have announced that the movement will be started in the new year with more new arrangements. 

 
It is the second-largest bank in Thailand in terms of assets. Assets have exceeded 60 billion. The king owns 23.4 per cent of the shares. That being said, the Crown Property Bureau looks after the king’s assets, which include Prime Real Estate, Siam Cement Group and Siam Commercial Bank. 
Although this rule has been in place since 1930, in 2017 the king turned it into his personal property. According to the protesters, if the state property is owned by the king, what will the future kings get? Will the future kings of Thailand become monks and stay in the pagoda?


If they start this campaign, the "Lèse-majesté" law could be endangered.

In the last week of November, more than 10,000 protesters gathered at the Siam Commercial Bank premises. 

The king is the sole shareholder of the Bank. Protesters called on the public to close the bank's accounts. One of them is a woman, Panusaya 'Rung' Sithijirawattanakul

Rung is on the BBC's Top 100 Women of 2020 list. Rung and other leaders demanded that the king's wealth and expenditure be made public.

 It is the second-largest bank in Thailand in terms of assets. Assets have exceeded 60 billion. The king owns 23.4 per cent of the shares.

 That being said, the Crown Property Bureau looks after the king’s assets, which include Prime Real Estate, Siam Cement Group and Siam Commercial Bank. 

Although this rule has been in place since 1930, in 2017 the king turned it into his personal property. According to the protesters, if the state property is owned by the king, what will the future kings get? 

Will the future kings of Thailand become monks and stay in the pagoda?

 Rebel citizens say how much the king will spend, how much money the bureau will give him should be legislated.

Section 112 of the Criminal Code provides for the protection of kings and queens.

 In any act of intimidation, insult, defamation, etc., the law enforcement forces may step forward to protect the king and take necessary action.

 Violation of the rules can result in a fine and up to 15 years in prison.

 In that case, Thai law has not yet been endorsed by Draconian law and human rights law experts. In 2014, one such case was adjourned by order of the king. 

Arbitrariness is the cause of the king's 'image crisis' and it is getting worse day by day and leading the king to the muddy field of politics.

The rebels talked about changing the constitution, the boundaries of the monarchy and the power He demanded to bring it under the constitution by shrinking it. 

As the days go by, more and more demands are being added to the procession of these demands. Protesters also demanded the resignation of Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.

 But he is still alive after many storms and constitutional courts. However, he gave the green signal for some constitutional amendments. Since 1932, there have been 20 constitutions in Thailand. 

In doing so, various draft proposals on the constitution, government, monarchy and army are lying in the office cupboard.

 Many proposals on the army and the monarchy are not raised in parliament and senators are not present. 

The constitutional pressure group continues to apply pressure to discuss the issues in Parliament. 

They put pressure on the government and the king by collecting thousands of supporters and signatures. But so far nothing effective has happened. This is also a big reason for the public outcry.

In the current New Year's political turmoil, there are no signs of an end to last year's protests in Thailand. No political experts can say which way to solve it. 

Seeing the situation, it is understood that the anger that had been hiding on the chests of the people for hundreds of years had exploded at different times and ended at the royal court at the behest of the king.

 This time this anger can overthrow the king. The Thai army has been supporting the government, which has taken a stand against the protests. 

The government has banned all protests because of COVID-19. The royalists are trying to increase the number of loyalists to the government and the king.

 Buddhist monasteries and monks in Thailand are also now divided. 

Especially a few months ago, in some Buddhist monasteries, police raids and arrests of Buddhist monks, many went against the king. 

The number of public and private people loyal to the king wearing yellow clothes is also increasing day by day. 

Occasionally there were clashes between pro-king groups in yellow robes and protesters, with riot police using tear gas and water cannons to disperse the crowd. Protesters were arrested randomly.

Student leaders are also being violent day by day. At the beginning of 2021, there are no signs that the protests will subside or fade. 

This party later became the People's Party. Over a few days, they discussed the development of Siam and the demands of the people and formulated six main policies. 

The People's Party is known in Thai as Khana Ratsadon. Civilian and military officials are in the group. The New Year's campaign has been named Free Youth. 


Student leaders took three oaths for the Thai people at the start of the new year. For example, bringing back unity.

 Students and protesters are wearing red clothes in support of it and using the RT (Restart Thailand Movement) logo on their clothes. 

RT has been taken from Ratsadon (pro-democracy protest group). In February 1926, some students formed a group in Paris. 

This party later became the People's Party. Over a few days, they discussed the development of Siam and the demands of the people and formulated six main policies. 

The People's Party is known in Thai as Khana Ratsadon. Civilian and military officials are in the group. The New Year's campaign has been named Free Youth.

This year they have taken an oath to oust the Prime Minister. Second, the people have realized that the Prime Minister and the army-backed government have not heeded the demands of the protesters.

 The students want to reach out to various social and government stakeholders and consolidate their demands. 

Third, to communicate in all provinces. People in villages and provinces think that these protests demand Bangkok-based politics.

To dispel this notion, the Student Front will conduct public relations in all provinces and important villages by 2021.




 Given the situation, it seems that the protests will accelerate in the future and begin to move towards democracy.

 If no agreement is reached, the political situation could take a more dangerous turn this year.

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