The destruction of nature and our suicidal war


Before the new year begins, bad news for mankind has started coming from all around. Earlier this year, a strong coalition of 13,700 scientists issued a warning: "Scientists have learned that the way climate change is going is alarming. 

Man is engaged in a terrible suicidal war against nature. As a result, nature is losing its balance. Now nature is becoming more and more vindictive towards human beings.

 This will lead to great destruction in the world. Rather good to say has started to come. 

The Coalition says that if climate change is not addressed, a significant portion of the world's population will soon become uninhabitable, according to The Climate Emergency Review: 2020, published in the January 14 issue of Scientific American. The information is known.

According to the UPI (United Press International), the scientists said: "It is the moral duty of scientists to clearly warn mankind of any threat of destruction."

The media recently published another worrying report about the future of the Amazon rainforest, the world's largest rain-fed tropical region. 

The Amazon rainforest will be completely extinct by 2064, according to a study titled "Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development". 

Then this forest will take the form of a dry orchard. Indiscriminate development activities, deforestation and climate change are responsible for this. 

The study was compiled by Robert Toovey Walker, a geologist at the University of Florida.

In another survey report earlier this year, the UPI said the Amazon ecosystem could be destroyed in less than 50 years.

 The main reason for this is deforestation. This forest is becoming treeless due to fires, deforestation and deforestation. 

Illegal gold mining is also a factor. Brazilian President Bolsonaro has been criticized for paving the way for the destruction of the Amazon forest. 

During the last 12 years the Amazon forest has been decimated at the highest rate under his rule. 

He has been the President of Brazil since January 1, 2019. Similarly, outgoing US President Donald Trump has been criticized for withdrawing the United States from the UN climate agreement.

Walker says massive development work is being carried out in the Amazon countries by deforestation. As a result, many areas are becoming deforested. 

As this trend continues, the Amazon jungle is threatened with extinction. Naturally occurring rainforests in themselves create a kind of rain canopy over it. 

Fauna and forest dwellers living in the local natural environment depend on the rainwater for survival. If the forest is cleared, there will be drought. 

Ecosystems may be protected during short-term droughts. However, this drought has begun to take on larger and longer-term forms.

 Rainforest's rain canopy can no longer protect itself from wildfires. Burning trees and shrubs, this tropical rainforest is gradually taking shape in the tropical grasslands of Africa.

What a terrible news it is. It is unimaginable that the extinction of such a large forest would have such a devastating effect on the environment and the ecosystem. 
Because the general public is not supposed to have a thorough idea about the ecosystem of an area. The ecosystem of an area or region consists of a process of natural interaction between all the animals and the inanimate environment around it. 

In short, we can call it nature. It has two components: biotic (animal and plant) and non-biotic (inanimate). Nonbiotic components of the ecosystem include water, light, radiation, temperature, humidity, atmosphere, acidity, soil, minerals and much more.

 These two types of elements have interactions. All this together has created a balanced ecosystem. 

But man is greedy for wealth and is bringing his danger by destroying this much-needed ecosystem of mankind through various activities. 

This is the man-made suicide war against nature. This is the concern of the scientific community and environmentalists.

Whatever it is, the Amazon Forest is an invaluable resource of nature across much of South America's Amazon coast.

 The total coast area is 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 square miles). The forest covers an area of ​​5,000,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 square miles). It spreads over the territory of 9 countries.

 60 per cent fell in Brazil, 13 per cent in Peru and 10 per cent in Colombia. Other Parts are in Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Suvana, Suriname and Venezuela. Amazon is half of the world's total rainforest.

 It has 16 thousand species of 390 billion trees. 30 million people of 350 ethnic groups live in this forest. They live under the political system of 9 countries. 

9 per cent of these indigenous peoples are isolated from the rest of the world. It is also known as Amazon Jungle or Amazonia. 

Its enormity can be traced to the effects of extinction, but it is difficult to predict its magnitude without knowledge of ecology and ecosystem.

In the last two years, the term 'Climate Emergency' has been quite popular. During this time we have seen a lot of news about the adverse effects of climate change.

 Gradually Climate emergencies are increasingly being recognized in many parts of the world.

 In fact, in the last two years, 10 per cent of the world's population has been brought under climate emergency.

1.Climate emergencies have been recognized for 820 million people in 1859 court orders in 33 countries around the world.

2. 60 million people in the UK, as well as 90 per cent of the rest of the country living in areas where the climate emergency has been declared. 

3. Australia is called the stepchild of the United Kingdom; One-third of Australia's population is now under Climate Emergency.

4. On July 17, 2019, the Argentine Senate declared a climate emergency for 4.5 million people.

5. The Canadian Assembly has announced that it will bring 100 per cent of the population under Climate Emergency in 2019-20.

6. In 2019-20, about 40 per cent of the people in Italy declared the Assembly and are now under Climate Emergency.

7. One hundred per cent of the people in Spain are now under a climate emergency. 

8. In the United States, under Trump's ironclad guidance, 10 per cent of the population is in a state of climate emergency, and the remaining 90 per cent are indifferent to climate change.

According to Scientific American, the coalition of scientists said: The weather emergency has already begun, And scientists are expanding their influence faster than ever before.

 The adverse effects of nature's destruction on people and the biosphere are even stronger. So scientists are more concerned about this.

 Because of the effects of climate change, people and the ecosystem will soon lose their ecosystems in many areas.

The world is getting hotter. The air in many areas has become so hot that people have to leave these areas decades before the previous estimate. 

The temperature in Jacobabad, Pakistan, and Ras Al Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates has gone beyond human tolerance. The Alliance of Scientists has declared 2020 as the hottest year. 

The highest number of wildfires this year occurred in many parts of the world, including Siberia, the western United States, the Amazon and Australia. 

News is often published in the media under the headline 'Amazon is burning'. This means that the climate system is gradually getting out of our control. The world is suffering now.

 The main cause of carbon emissions. Although many countries have pledged to reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2050-60; However, given the situation, it seems that this target is not enough. This target needs to be achieved by 2030.

The alliance of scientists thinks it is still possible to restore a tolerant balance in the climate system. The coalition believes that this requires attention to the 2011 'The Bonn Challenge Global Restoration Initiative'. Its goal is to restore 350 million hectares of forest land by 2030.

 Sixty-four countries have endorsed this natural solution. The scientific alliance mentioned in overcoming this existing crisis has also pointed out the way to a solution.

 According to them, the steps to be taken include: -stopping the extraction of fossil fuels and giving top priority to their use; 

-Methane, black carbon and similar gases must be stopped from emitting to dramatically reduce global warming; 

-The natural environment for humans and the biosphere, especially the natural agro-environment needs to be restored; 

- Deforestation needs to be stopped, especially in the tropical rainforests of the Amazon and Southeast Asia;

-Since the proposed deforestation in Alaska's Tongas National Forest would be harmful to the environment, it should be stopped;

- Initiatives should be taken to reduce methane emissions; We have to go back to the carbon-free economy.

In December 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on every country to declare a "climate emergency."

 Recalling that, the scientist alliance called on the US government: "We want the US government to declare a 'climate emergency'. Joe Biden could announce an executive order, or Congress could pass the law. "

On the other hand, in March 2019, the UN General Assembly declared the 2021-30 decade as the 'Decade of Ecosystem Restoration'. 

In addition to this declaration, the United Nations has declared the same decade as the 'Decade of Oceanography for Sustainable Development'. 

Hopefully, if these announcements are properly reflected in the work, it will be possible to bring the deteriorating ecosystem back to a balanced nature. 

The ongoing process of global warming can be stopped, world food security can be strengthened, the supply of clean water can be ensured, the earth's biodiversity can be protected, the coastal 'Blue' ecosystem can be restored, the process of natural human migration can be stopped. The world as a whole can be freed from the dire consequences of climate change.

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