2020: A year of awkward incidents

 The year 2020 will be forever in the history as the year of non-occurrence. The coronavirus epidemic is one of these incidents. The farewell year will also be marked by the assassination of influential Iranian General Qasem Soleimani, the crash of a Ukrainian passenger plane in Iran, the Australian fire, the Beirut blast, and the US presidential election.

1. Coronavirus pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic spread around the world from Wuhan, China, earlier this year. Infections and deaths in the country then began to increase at a massive rate.

 At one point, the World Health Organization declared the epidemic a global pandemic. The Corona pandemic has yet to show any signs of coming under control. 

Not only the common people, but also the renowned persons were not spared from the infection.

 Several heads of state and government, including US President Donald Trump, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been infected by Coronavirus. 

Coronavirus infections have already been detected in more than 80 million people worldwide. Death is also increasing every day.

But the corona vaccine has become a beacon of hope at the end of the dark. In the meantime, the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Saudi Arabia and other countries have started vaccinating by US pharmaceutical companies.

 The vaccine was co-sponsored by the German biotechnology company BioNtech. Moderna, another US pharmaceutical company, has also started in the United States on an emergency basis. 

Also, the vaccine invented by Oxford University in the United Kingdom and the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca has raised hopes.

In addition to these three vaccines, several companies in China and Russia have also developed vaccines.

 The vaccine from Gamaleya Research Institute in Russia has been applied locally. In China, several companies, including Sinovac and SinoPharm, have developed vaccines.

 This country has also started applying locally invented vaccines. Also, several companies in India, including India Biotech, are working on vaccines.

2. Assassination of Iran's influential general

The Quds Force is an influential unit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. The head of this force was General Qasem Soleimani. He was killed in a US drone strike in Iraq in January.

The incident took place in the direct direction of the President of the United States. The response was widespread. The six-nation nuclear deal with Iran is under threat.

 In retaliation, Iran launched a missile attack on two military bases in Iraq on January 8. The two bases were occupied by US troops stationed in Iraq. 

No one was killed in the attack, but hundreds of soldiers were reportedly injured. On the same day, a passenger plane of Ukraine International Airlines crashed in Tehran, the capital of Iran.

 All 18 passengers on board were killed. Iran initially denied responsibility for the crash, but later admitted under international pressure that it had been hit by a missile.

 The country claims, however, that the incident was not a deliberate attack.

3. Harry-Megan's departure from royal duties

Prince Harry and his wife Megan Merkel, members of the British royal family, made a surprise announcement on January 8.

 "We intend to step down as" senior "members of the royal family and become financially independent," they said in a statement. But we will continue to support the Queen. 

"They added:" We now plan to balance our positions in the United Kingdom and North America.

Harry-Megan's announcement was probably unexpected even to the royal family. "Negotiations with the Duke and Duchess of Sussex are still at an early stage," said a spokeswoman for Queen Elizabeth II from Buckingham Palace shortly after the statement was released.

 They have just left the royal family. As of last news, the couple has settled on the Pacific coast of the United States. The couple formed a non-profit organization called Archewell.

4. Brexit is effective

In a referendum held in June 2016, the people of the United Kingdom voted in favour of Brexit (separation of the United Kingdom from the European Union).

 Soon after, the country's then Prime Minister David Cameron stepped down. Theresa May, the new leader of the Conservative Party, took over as prime minister. 

She is the second woman to hold the post in the UK after Margaret Thatcher. But Theresa May failed to implement Brexit due to various complications.

He was also forced to move in mid-2019. Then came the current Prime Minister Boris Johnson. But he was also unable to handle the situation properly.

He chose the path of early elections to consolidate power and make Brexit effective. In that general election held in December 2019, the Conservative Party came to power again.

 Then Brexit came into force on 31 January 2020. However, in the aftermath of the secession, dissents remained over the UK's trade agreement with the European Union.

 After extensive discussions, the two sides agreed on the agreement on December 24. Later, at a news conference, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the United Kingdom would begin its journey independently in the new year.

5. Australian prairie fires

The wildfires started in Australia at the end of 2019. But even in 2020, a huge mass of land continues to burn in that fire. As of last March, the fire had burned 16 million hectares. 

About six thousand buildings have been destroyed. There are about 2,600 houses in these buildings.

 The blaze killed at least 34 people, including firefighters. Also, billions of animals have been burned into charcoal.

Many have blamed Prime Minister Scott Morrison's climate policy for the blaze. 

According to them, due to climate change and global warming, prairie fires have spread on a large scale. Water was sprinkled from the plane to control the fire, but that didn't work either. 

After much effort, the fire in New South Wales was completely extinguished in early March. 

At that time the fire in the state of Victoria was also brought under control. A water plane and two helicopters crashed while trying to put out the fire.

6. "Black lives matter" protests in the United States

In the United States, the racist behaviour of the authorities, including the police, has been a source of frustration for years. 

It seems to have exploded in the case of the death of the black George Floyd in police custody in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The incident happened last May. 

Protests then spread across the United States. This movement got the name ‘Black Lives Matter’. 

However, the anti-apartheid movement had been going on under this name for a few years already. The movement, which has been raging since last May, has demanded that the police system be reorganized in the US.

Some of President Donald Trump's controversial remarks during and after the movement seem to add fuel to the fire. 

As a result, there were incidents of violence. Attacks took place in various places including Washington.

 Gradually this anti-apartheid movement spread to many countries including Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia. 

However, due to the Corona pandemic, the movement finally came to a standstill.

7. Beirut blast

August 4, 2020, 6 pm of local time. Residents of Beirut, the capital of the Middle Eastern country of Lebanon, suddenly felt as if the world had exploded. 

At that moment, a large part of the capital city was reduced to rubble. The incident took place in the Mediterranean port of Beirut. 

There were 2,650 tons of ammonium nitrate stored unprotected in the warehouse. A double explosion took place in the same place. 

The crash killed more than 200 people in Beirut. More than six and a half thousand were injured. About 300 thousand people became homeless overnight.

A team of researchers at the University of Sheffield in the UK initially determined that the force of the explosion was equal to one thousand to one and a half thousand tons of TNT at a time.

 The bombing in Beirut was one-tenth of the power of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II.

The Beirut bombing is one of the largest non-nuclear artificial explosions in history. Its power was so great that its sound could be heard from Cyprus, another Middle Eastern country on the other side of the Mediterranean. 

The country is 240 kilometres away from Beirut. The US Geological Survey (USGS) identified the quake as 3.3 on the Richter scale. 

The quake affected Turkey, Syria, Israel, Palestine and parts of Europe. One blast damaged Lebanon's 1.5 trillion in assets. The Lebanese government declared a two-week state of emergency shortly after the blast.

Meanwhile, protests have been raging since 2019 due to various reasons including unemployment. After that explosion in Beirut, it was spread like a wildfire.

 Lawmakers also protested. Several members of Lebanon's parliament have resigned. The resignation of the then Prime Minister Hassan Diab's cabinet members started from August 9. 

The next day, on August 10, the Prime Minister and his cabinet resigned due to political pressure. Former Prime Minister Saad Hariri came to power later. However, he could not last long. Eventually, Hassan Diab took over as Lebanon's prime minister again.

8. US presidential election

The US presidential election was held on November 3. Former Democratic Vice President Joe Biden won the election. 

His running mate, Kamala Harris became the first woman vice president in the United States to go down in history. However, Republican candidate Donald Trump has accused the election of rigging.

 He has also been accused of pressuring lawmakers in various states to change the outcome of the vote. Trump has also filed one case after another. 

However, he has tasted defeat in all cases. Trump's failure to concede defeat has created uncertainty in U.S. politics that has never been seen before. 

At first, his administration refused to provide government funding and jobs to the interim party of newly elected President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris. But later Trump became flexible under pressure.

Earlier, at the end of last year, Trump was about to lose power. In December 2019, US President Donald Trump was indicted in the lower house of the US Congress on two charges. 

There were allegations against him, that he abused power and obstructed the work of the US Congress. Trump pushed for an investigation into Ukraine against Joe Biden, the vice president of the former President Barack Obama's administration, and his son Hunter Biden.

 Following the leak, the Democrats began preparing to impeach Trump in the House of Representatives. Relevant documents were sent to the upper house of Congress after Trump's impeachment in December. 

However, the Republican-majority Senate acquitted Trump on February 5.

9. Iranian nuclear scientist was assassinated

Iran's top nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was assassinated on November 26. Iran claims that Israeli spies shot and killed the scientist with an artificial satellite-controlled rifle.

 Brigadier General Ali Fadavi, a senior official with Iran's Revolutionary Guards, claimed that a rifle mounted on a truck was aimed at Fakhrizadeh's head. 

His wife, who was next to him in the car at the time, was unharmed. Earlier, Iran claimed that Fakhrizadeh's convoy had been attacked by gunmen. 

At that time, the miscreants also had a gunfight with his bodyguards. Fakhrizadeh was in the town of Absard, near the capital, Tehran, at the time of the incident. 

He was attacked on the way. Iranian law enforcement has arrested several people in connection with the incident. However, their names were not disclosed.

10. Normalization of relations with Israel

Morocco announced on December 10 that it would normalize relations with Israel. The agreement was brokered by the United States. 

In the last four months of 2020, four Arab countries announced that they would normalize relations with Israel. The other three countries are the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan. 

On December 10, US President Donald Trump had a telephone conversation with King Mohammed VI of Morocco. 

Then came the announcement of the normalization of relations. Sources said Trump would recognize Morocco's sovereignty in the Western Sahara region under the terms of the agreement. 

In return, Morocco will establish full diplomatic relations with Israel and allow the two countries' businesses to operate based on economic partnership.

Earlier, Saudi Arabia announced that it would allow Israel to use its airspace. 

Trump claims that these advances are major achievements in establishing peace in the Middle East. However, the Palestinian Authority and the people did not take these incidents well. 

They have strongly criticized the actions of the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco. After Morocco, the South Asian country of Bhutan also signed an agreement with Israel to establish diplomatic relations.

Apart from this, in the event of more incidents, the year 2020 will be permanent in history. However, many may want to forget this year because it is a year full of mishaps.

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