Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): Symptoms, treatment, and more

IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a well-known and annoying problem in the stomach. Many people around us suffer from this problem. 

Because of this, the affected people usually suffer for a long time, without any benefit, one doctor after another keeps changing in the hope of getting rid of this problem.

 In fact, it is easier to deal with the disease if you know the nature of the disease. Otherwise it is normal to be impatient.

What is IBS?

It is a functional problem of our digestive system. There is no structural change or problem in the digestive system.

This problem usually starts at a young age. Women suffer the most. People who are always anxious or stressed suffer more.

So far the exact cause of IBS is not well known. However, there are some theories. 

Abnormal contractions of the digestive tract, dilation, neurological signaling problems, anxiety and stress, innate and beneficial bacterial changes in the digestive tract have been identified. 

However, many find that there is no big problem in the digestive system because there is no benefit in research.

How to understand if you have IBS

There are basically two types of problems caused by this disease. One is feeling pain in the abdomen, the other is a change in bowel habits. Abdominal pain usually goes away or subsides after defecation.

 It does not cause weight loss, fever, anemia or bleeding with stool. However, the problem is related to eating habits. This problem is exacerbated by eating certain foods.

 It varies from person to person, but usually increases in foods such as milk and dairy foods and vegetables and salads.

 The good thing is that it is not a serious disease. There is no danger of any major complication.

How to be sure

Digestive specialists use certain symptoms or ROM criteria to diagnose IBS. The disease can be of two types, such as IBS D, where there is thin or soft stools with abdominal pain and IBS C, where there is constipation with abdominal pain. 

Some people may have both. The disease is diagnosed by listening to the symptoms and history of the disease, but it is often accompanied by some tests to make sure that there are no other digestive diseases or complications. Most test reports are normal.

What is the way of salvation

Sad but true is the fact that there is absolutely no solution to this problem. However, it can be controlled a lot. 

Some changes in eating habits are required according to the patient's symptoms. Milk, dairy foods, vegetables, etc., foods that cause problems, should be avoided. 

If he has a habit of following the daily diet, the patient can easily understand when he had a problem with which food. In addition, the stress must be reduced. 

If necessary, a specialist doctor can prescribe some medicine to understand the symptoms. However, much of the control of IBS is in your own hands. It will be better if you live a healthy and disciplined life.

Ways to stay good with IBS

Avoid foods that cause stomach problems. It is better to avoid milk, dairy foods, vegetables, extra fried or deep fried foods, extra spicy foods, bakery, artificial sugar, caffeine etc.

Try regular exercise or walking. This will reduce flatulence or bloating.

Eat small portions throughout the day without eating too much at once. Maintain meal timetable. 

You can do exercise, yoga, meditation to reduce stress. Seek expert advice if needed.

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