When forgetfulness is a disease

 We normally forget a lot. But if this forgetfulness is excessive, which makes daily life difficult or disrupts the quality of life of the affected person, then it is a disease. And there may be various reasons behind this.

If the problem of forgetting suddenly occurs for a short time, it is called acute confusing state. 

This type of confusing state can be caused by bleeding in the brain (stroke), salt imbalance in the body, head injury or low or high blood glucose levels.

The problem can be cured after taking proper treatment. But if the problem of forgetting is long-term, the cure is not easy but continues to increase day by day, then it is called dementia.

How to understand dementia

You may be aware of dementia in yourself or someone close to you if some small behavioural changes occur at first.

Forgetting the recent past but remembering much earlier. For example, you may not remember what you ate for breakfast in the morning, whether you forgot it unknowingly or whether you took the medicine.

If someone keeps asking the same question over and over again.

Another notable symptom is a frequent denial of this tendency to forget and arguing with family members.

Symptoms may include not being able to find the right words when speaking, sudden personality changes, excessive restlessness, lack of sleep, sudden anger, and seeing or hearing wrong.

This type of problem often occurs in older people and we take it as a normal change with age.

What to do after realizing the problem

Don't laugh or give up as normal with age. Because something can be done before the problem gets serious. So you should consult a neurologist.

Physicians usually perform a type of question-and-answer test called 'Mini-Mental State Examination' (MMSE) to diagnose dementia. If necessary, thyroid hormone, the number of vitamin B-12 in the blood and an MRI of the head can be used to diagnose the cause of dementia.

There is no treatment

The treatment of dementia requires the help of multiple specialists such as doctors, nurses and health workers. A full team of neurologists, psychiatrists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists, skilled nurses can play a great role in the treatment of dementia patients.

We can divide the treatment of dementia into two parts, drug-based and non-drug treatment.

Drug-based treatment

Rivastigmine, Donepezil and Memantine are effective in treating dementia patients. Rivastigmine patches are applied to the skin. It is very effective in the treatment of dementia.

An elderly person can be completely relieved of atheism or dependence if the disease continues to get worse.

Why is that

With age, there is a tendency to forget a little. A large proportion of the elderly over the age of 60 suffer from dementia or forgetfulness. But it can also be due to some diseases. For example, a decrease in thyroid hormone or one of the symptoms of hypothyroidism is forgetfulness or loss of attention.
Vitamin B12 deficiency affects the nerves and the brain. For this reason, it is not unusual. Also, blood clots due to head injuries, brain damage due to tumours or strokes can lead to amnesia. Degenerative diseases of the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease, are one of the leading causes of dementia.

Treatment without drugs

In addition to medication, some issues are essential in the treatment of dementia.

  • Provide adequate nutrition and vitamins in the diet.
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Exercise regularly
  • Intellectual discussion.

Stem cell therapy is currently the treatment for hereditary brain dementia
It is thought to be effective.

 If this treatment is successful, it is expected that the treatment of dementia will go a long way.

Dementia can make a person's normal daily activities miserable. At some point, the condition can become so severe that the patient is unable to eat or use the washroom on his own. 

Lifelong learning habits are forgotten. So it needs treatment. Even if it is not completely the same as before, if the severity of the disease can be kept down a bit, the demented person will be able to live much better in the family and society.

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