One China & Taiwan crisis

 Taiwan's previous name was Formoza. It is 150 miles from mainland China, 690 miles from Korea and 749 miles from the Philippines. 24 million people live here. The Sunflower Movement took place on the island in 2014. The DPP's political party pushed for democracy, and Tsai Ing-wen was elected Taiwan's first female president. 

Leaders claim that Taiwan's parliament is democratically elected as well as its president is. There is an independent foreign policy and ministry. Fifteen countries in the world recognize Taiwan as a sovereign state. 



Taiwan has diplomatic relations with the Vatican. Recognized countries are Guatemala, Haiti, Hollis, Honduras, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Nicaragua, Palau, Paraguay, St. Lucia, St. Kitts Nevis, St. Vincent, Belize, Switzerland and Tuvalu. They have no diplomatic relations with China.


Islam entered China in the seventh century. When the Chinese Civil War broke out in 1949, 20,000 Muslim families fled mainland China and took refuge in Taiwan. 

The Muslim population grew by marrying local Chinese girls. They gave birth to a new Muslim ethnic group called the Hui. To a limited extent, Muslim girls follow the veil. According to the latest statistics, the number of registered Muslims in Taiwan is 53,000. Also, about 6,500 Indonesian Muslims work there.

 In all, 134 thousand Muslims live there. There are six mosques, four public libraries and one publishing house in Taiwan. Holy books of Muslims are available in Chinese and Mandarin.

The Pentagon's State Department announced in the last week of September that it would sell F-16 fighter jets and other warplane spare parts in Taiwan, valued at 330 million.

 Trump's decision goes against the one-China policy, and China has accused the United States of violating three memoranda of understanding and three agreements of 1972, 1978 and 1982.

The United States has been selling arms to Taiwan for many years. The United States believes that enriching Taiwan's arsenal will increase its defence capabilities and bring the balance of power across the Taiwan Strait to a more balanced level.

 Every US government has sold arms to Taiwan since 1979 when the agreement with China was in force.
The United States regularly sends warships to the Taiwan Strait and maintains naval bases there. The target is not Taiwan, but China. 

If Taiwan can be manipulated in any way, America will be able to have a strong base there. This is the main purpose of America.

As soon as Trump came to power, he angered China by talking to the President of Taiwan. No previous president has done so. Although they opposed China, they refrained from directly attacking the "one China" policy.

 Trump used to say that the Taiwan card is always usable in the Chinese question. He always liked to put China at risk. As a result, China has completely turned its back on Trump and publicly supported Biden in the last election. 

Russia and Iran also oppose Trump. In March of this year, Trump enacted the Taiwan Travel Act. This will allow U.S. officials to visit Taiwan at will and participate more in Taiwan affairs.


In 2018, Trump's decision to sell 330 million worth of weapons sparked a rift between China and the United States. But Washington continues to supply arms to Taiwan. 

Taiwan believes that its security cannot be maintained without sophisticated weapons and lethal weapons. So they keep pushing Washington for high-end weapons. Trump did not agree.

In the last week of November this year, Taiwan is building high-quality submarines at home. They make it clear that the move is aimed at protecting themselves from Chinese military threats. 

The project will build eight submarines. Taiwan currently has four submarines. Two of them are old-fashioned. Taiwan has redesigned Kaohsiung Shipyard to build modern submarines.

The Trump administration's Taiwan card is a major factor in the deterioration of Sino-US relations. Trump understood that using Taiwan to hurt China over a trade conflict would not help. 

There are also people from the Chinese mainland and their blood relatives in Taiwan. The Chinese administration treats Taiwan with confidence but considers it their territory. China will not tolerate any activity there. 

Knowing this, the Trump administration has militarily enriched Taiwan. Taiwan has sought to increase its military stockpile without adopting economic development plans. But it is absurd and unrealistic for Taiwan to ensure its security by fighting China. No one thinks so except the President of Taiwan. 

In the post-Cold War era, no US president has been able to take advantage of playing the Taiwan card. Critics say Trump did not learn from past leaders to avoid big losses for small gains.

On September 17 this year, Taiwan destroyed several fighter jets during an exercise of 18- China plane on the Taiwan Strait. China has condemned the plot, saying it was a conspiracy between the United States and Taiwan. Taiwan has accused Chinese planes of crossing the Taiwan Strait's midline. 

Taiwan's Defense Ministry has provided a map of the route by which Chinese fighter jets flew, proving that neither side's fighter jets usually cross the midline. But this time, according to Taiwan, China has flown a lot of fighter jets there. China has said it will respond to the incident.

The United States is again selling 2.37 billion worth of weapons to Taiwan. Rocket launchers, reconnaissance sensors and artillery are also on the list. There are also 64M57 univariable tactical missiles, capable of hitting the Chinese mainland. 

There are also other weapons. That being said, half the attacking army, in the first hours of the war, would die from the blows of these weapons. Experts say this is the first time in 40 years that offensive weapons have been purchased. 

Many Taiwanese officials do not want a confrontation with China. "These weapons will strengthen our defence strategy," said Yen The-)fa, Taiwan's defence minister. "They will also help protect the Indo-Pacific and Taiwanese systems." Meanwhile, China has also threatened to take action.

 A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said China has three agreements with Taiwan, one on arms procurement and security. These agreements are considered sufficient for the security of the Taiwanese system and have been so for so long. 

Washington is heating the Taiwan Strait through arms sales and frequent visits. China has banned US companies, particularly Boeing, Lockheed and Raytheon, from selling weapons. Most of these blockades were on paper. 

The United States recently sent F-16 fighter jets there. In 1990, Taiwan purchased an advanced missile interference system from France. It is being upgraded further this year.

An organization called the Formosa Alliance has been protesting in the capital, Taipei, for the official declaration of independence. Protesters press President Xi Jinping's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) for a referendum. The DPP is the party of the current president.

"No force can stop China's 'reunification' process," he said. Beijing also believes that China has the right to use force in Taiwan to ensure reunification. China considers Taiwan as their separate province and adheres to the "one country, two principles" policy. 

"China's ideology is communism and Taiwan's democracy, and it is not clear how the two will come together," said the Taiwanese president. Since the end of the Civil War with the mainland in 1949, however, China and Taiwan have been governed separately. 

Taiwan was once a Dutch colony. However, from 1683 to 1895, Taiwan was ruled by Chinese kings. Historically Taiwan is native to China.

Sending a message to those eager for war in Taiwan, President Xi said, "Taiwan must be integrated into the mainland. Taiwan’s Independence Day is on the verge of death. ’Xi said,‘ Taiwan can follow the Hong Kong model to come together. To bridge the political divide, one country can follow two system models. '


Receiving the message on the 40th anniversary of independence, Taiwan's President Tsai Ying-wen responded quickly by saying that most Taiwanese people do not like "one country, two systems." 

There may be government talks with the government. Beijing should respect the independence and democracy of the island nation.

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