5 innovations in medicine in 2020

Rapid antigen test

The onset of coronavirus began in early 2020. But the PCR tests that are performed to detect coronavirus are just as expensive as the time.

 This requires state-of-the-art laboratories and trained manpower. To solve this problem, the Rapid Antigen Test was invented in mid-August.

The health worker takes two drops of the reagent on a paper card equal to the driving license and takes a sample from the victim's nose and mixes it and folds it. 

If two pink spots are seen, the result should be taken positively. It takes 15 minutes and can give about 97 per cent accurate results.

Reusable mask

At the beginning of the Corona pandemic, there was a global crisis of personal protective equipment, especially the N-95 mask. 

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was the first to invent a simple solution to this problem. 

That is, once used, the N-95 mask can be kept in a paper packet for 5 days and reused. However, effectiveness is a bit less. Then one by one recyclable respirator come on the market. 

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States has recently developed a face mask (mask) made of silicone rubber, which can be disinfected with steam, bleach after use, and is effective for repeated use.

Special instruments in telehealth services

Telehealth services have been used in an unprecedented way in 2020, in almost every country in the world. People have become interested in getting health care at home with the help of various technologies.

 So science has also paid attention here.  A special device which is USB connected and useable for physicians so that they could collect 10 types of test data can, is coming soon.

 It will have the function to monitor the pulse rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, temperature measurement as well as ECG sensor, stethoscope, ophthalmoscope for the retinal examination of eyes, otoscope for ear examination etc. 

The device is no bigger than a coffee mug. When this technology comes on the market, a patient in a remote area can easily take all kinds of advice from a specialist doctor from a long distance.

Portable automatic defibrillator

The role of instantaneous defibrillation in restoring the heart after a heart attack or cardiac arrest is undeniable.

 That's why there's a portable automatic defibrillator, the equivalent of a small wallet, at-risk heart patients could put this device at home.

 In case of sudden cardiac arrest, if the device is placed on the chest of the affected person with the help of an adhesive pad without the presence of a doctor, the device can automatically detect changes in heart rate and give an electric shock.

Watches to prevent sleep apnea

Eighty per cent of sleep apnea patients do not know they have the disease. 

This year a smartwatch has come to the innovation world, which is capable of monitoring sleep throughout the night when it will be on hand. 

It is equipped with oxygen sensors and motion sensors along with heart rate monitoring, which will record overnight breathing problems and oxygen fluctuations.

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