Iran threatens to retaliate for killing scientist

 Iran has vowed to avenge the assassination of one of its top nuclear scientists, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a car parked near the Iranian capital, Tehran. Fakhrizadeh died at a hospital in Absard, Damavand area. This information has been informed in a report of BBC Online.

Hussein Dehghan, a military adviser to Iran's supreme religious leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has vowed to strike criminals like lightning.

Western intelligence agencies consider Mohsen Fakhrizadeh to be the mastermind behind Iran's secret nuclear weapons program. In addition, diplomats often refer to him as the "father of the Iranian bomb."

Iran has insisted its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has called on the international community to "condemn this act of state terrorism."

"Terrorists have killed a prominent Iranian scientist today," Zarif said in a tweet.

"The killing is a clear violation of international law, which is designed to wreak havoc in the region," said Majid Takht Ravanchi, Iran's ambassador to the United Nations.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has blamed Israel for the attack.

He says there are serious indications of Israeli involvement in the incident.

In a presentation on Iran's nuclear program in April 2016, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu specifically named Fakhrizadeh.

Israel has not commented on the killings.

"Scientists have been killed to prevent us from entering modern science," said Maj. Gen. Hussein Salami, commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.

Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei says Iran has decided to relax its nuclear deal

The killings come amid concerns over Iran's uranium enrichment. Rich uranium is an important component for both nuclear power generation and military nuclear weapons.

In 2015, Iran restricted uranium enrichment by signing agreements with six world powers. In 2016, President Trump pulled out of the deal. Despite opposition from Israel, US President-elect Democrat Joe Biden has called for a renegotiation of the agreement with Iran.

John Brennan, the former head of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), said killing a scientist was a criminal and extremely reckless act that could spread conflict in the region.

Tensions between the Trump administration and Iran have risen since January. The United States has killed Qashem Soleimani, Iran's most powerful military commander, in a drone strike near Baghdad airport.

How big is Iran's armed forces?

The Iranian military has an estimated 523,000 members. The International Institute for Strategic Studies, a UK-based think tank, said 350 thousand members of the regular forces and at least 150 thousand members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps were among them.

Another 20,000 members work for the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. These members work to protect the surrounding waters, including the Strait of Hormuz. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps was established 40 years ago today to consolidate Iran's Islamic system. Gradually it became influential in the military, political and economic spheres of the country.

Iran is testing space technology to make major improvements to intercontinental ballistic missiles. Iran has increased its drone capabilities despite years of sanctions. Iran has been using drones in its fight against IS in Iraq since 2016. Iran has sent armed drones into Israeli airspace from Syrian bases. In 2019, US spy drones were destroyed in the Strait of Hormuz for allegedly entering Iranian airspace.

Expeditions outside the country

The Quds Force, made up of the IRGC's most vigilantes, led by General Solaimani, who was killed in a US operation. Quds conducts many covert operations abroad and is directly accountable to the country's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

The unit was deployed to Syria, where it has fought alongside Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and armed Shiite militias. In Iraq, the force supported a Shiite-controlled paramilitary force that helped defeat the militant group Islamic State (IS).

However, the United States has said that the Quds Force has provided money, training, weapons and equipment to organizations that the United States considers a terrorist group. These include the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon and the Islamic Jihad in Palestine. In April last year, the Trump administration listed Iran's IRGC as a terrorist organization.

However, economic problems and the US blockade have hurt Iran's arms imports. The country's defense imports between 2009 and 2016 accounted for only 3.5 percent of Saudi Arabia's total military imports. Iran imports most of its weapons from Russia. Then there is China's position.

Does Iran have missiles?

Yes, Iran has missiles. Missile capabilities are an important part of Iran's military capabilities. The U.S. Defense Department report says Iran's missile power is the most powerful in the Middle East; Especially in the case of short-range and medium-range missiles. They are also constantly testing new weapons.

The Pentagon says Iran is experimenting with space technology to build intercontinental ballistic missiles. But the Royal United Service Institute says Iran suspended its long-range missile program after the 2015 nuclear deal. But with the uncertainty of the deal, it could start again.

In many cases, many targets in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region are under Iran's short- or medium-range ballistic missiles, especially potential targets in Israel. Tehran's regional allies also use Iranian-supplied missiles and guidance systems, especially for Saudi Arabia, Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

In May last year, the United States deployed the Patriot anti-missile defense system in the Middle East, further escalating tensions with Iran. The Patriot is a missile system consisting of counter-ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and advanced aircraft.

What are the non-conventional weapons?

Iran has increased its drone capabilities despite years of sanctions. Iran has been using drones in Iraq since 2016 to fight Islamic State. In June 2019, the United States shot down a drone, accusing it of violating Iranian airspace.

Jonathan Marcus, the BBC's defense and diplomatic correspondent, says Iran has also transferred or sold drone technology to its allies. In 2019, drones and missiles hit Saudi oil. Saudi Arabia and the United States have blamed Iran. However, Tehran has denied the allegations.

Rather, they point to the responsibility of the Yemeni rebels. Iran has cyber capabilities. After a major cyber attack on Iran's nuclear program in 2010, they emphasized cyberspace capabilities. The IRGC is thought to have its own cyber command.

The United States said in a 2019 report that Iran had targeted aerospace companies, defense contractors, energy and natural resources companies and telecom firms for their global cyber operations.

Also in 2019, US technology company Microsoft said an Iranian-based hacker group targeted the US presidential election campaign and tried to take control of US government accounts.

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