US policy in East Asia could be changed?

 Discussions have already begun in the region on what kind of change is coming in the position of the US in East Asia, a region of multiple allies close to the United States, as Joe Biden wins the election. East Asia is simultaneously a region of uncertainty in many ways. 

It is not yet clear how the country will react to Trump's departure as North Korea continues to test nuclear weapons and missiles here. 

On the other hand, the emergence of China as a new military power has also posed a challenge to the region. At the same time, if we consider Russia as a part of East Asia, there is no end to the concerns in international relations. The country has ongoing territorial disputes with Japan and Moscow is in a tug of war with Washington in many ways.

On the other hand, Trump has created a kind of distance with Japan and South Korea, two very close allies of the United States, by using his money-making tactics out of fear. The departure of the Trump and Republican administrations in the United States is now leading Washington to take a new turn, which could have a profound effect on regional politics in East Asia.

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga congratulated Biden without delay, suggesting he was keen to strengthen existing ties with the United States. 

Unlike his predecessor, Shinzo Abe, he has not had an extravagant relationship with Trump, so much so that he is relieved. However, it is not yet clear how much Biden will be interested in moving away from Trump's policies.

Like Trump, he continues to put pressure on Japan to reduce the balance of trade, and it remains uncertain whether he will seek more money from Japan for a US military presence on Japanese soil. In this case, Trump's position was to extort money from both Japan and South Korea for fear of withdrawing the US military presence.

Despite maintaining visible good relations at the top level, the allegations that Trump has been making against Japan and South Korea are that the two countries are the ones taking the opportunity for free and that they should pour more money to get US military assurances.

While it is safe to say that Biden's Democratic Party government will avoid such direct abuses, Japan does not expect much in the way of trade balances and investment. That's why Suga wants to conclude a telephone conversation with Biden as soon as possible by visiting Washington in a relatively short time to meet with the new US president. But he will have to wait until Biden takes over.

There have been no major disagreements between the two countries in the past over the presence of more than 50,000 US troops in Japan, although there is dissatisfaction with that military presence at the civilian level in Japan. 

While the issue of extorting money from allies in the name of military presence is not a priority in the Biden administration's policy, the United States may want its allies in East Asia, such as Japan, to play a stronger and more expansive role in maintaining peace and stability in the region. Japan was under similar pressure during the Obama administration.

The Japanese leadership is well aware that Japan will have to face criticism from China if it is to do so. As a result, Japanese policymakers are exploring the possibility of involving China.

On the other hand, the leaders of Japan and South Korea do not see any possibility of any change in the position of the United States despite the ongoing conflict between Japan and South Korea. The United States wants Japan and South Korea to resolve their differences through dialogue. Although some progress has been made recently, there is still a gap between the two countries in terms of interpretation of past history. 

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But the biggest obstacle the Biden administration has to deal with in East Asia is its relationship with China. The United States is now economically dependent on China in many ways. On the other hand, China is not lagging behind in terms of military power as before. As a result, the Trump administration is no longer in a position to intimidate China.

 Japan is now considering whether to find a solution to the problem by adding China to a new multilateral structure, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership or the TPP, and Tokyo may ice Washington as well. 

 To do so, however, US have to move away from its tough stance on the issue related with Taiwan, but US military industry would be unwilling to do that.  Because Trump started selling huge amounts of military equipment to Taiwan making afraid of Chinese poker and it is not desirable for US to let the profits enter into other's pocket.

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