Both India and China are looking for a solution

 Lenin, the great hero of the Russian Revolution, said, "One step ahead, two steps back,".  This was mentioned by Lenin on 19 May 1904 in a discussion entitled 'The Crisis in our party'. There was a lot of discussions, a lot of controversy around this comment at that time. 

But this word has become a universal saying all over the world today. The only reason I am discussing this today is because of the recent incident in the disputed Galwan Valley of China in Ladakh, which has intensified the conflict between India and China to such an extent that India has to prepare for war against China. War is inevitable, such a situation was created.

But a few days ago, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi held a two-hour meeting with India's National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, during which China agreed to a ceasefire. Work has also begun to withdraw troops from the disputed Galwan Valley in Ladakh. 

This news is good news not only for the people of India but also for the people of neighbouring countries. Whatever the reason, the two nuclear-armed states will quarrel, it is not desirable, it is unwelcomed.

When human civilization wants to walk the path of peace, we need such steps more. Such a war is never necessary for human welfare. So the fact that China started withdrawing its troops seems to be happening, but what about Lenin's tactics — one step ahead and two steps back. Reading in the political analysis it is not one step forward, two steps back; it could be, "one step forward, one step back".

According to Indian analysts, the two countries have withdrawn troops from several points on the patrol. But the army did not withdraw from Pangong Lake. These two places are still very sensitive, north of Pangong Lake in East Ladakh and Depsang. 

A senior Indian foreign ministry official said that a delegation from our Indian government would visit those points. They will verify that China is claiming that they have started withdrawing troops, how much they have done.

China is a neighbour of many states. And border conflicts with many states. The border dispute between India and China is not new today. That is too for many years. Especially the war that took place in 1962, but after a while, China stopped that war. However, India was not ready to serve and India was practically defeated by China in that war.

After this surprise attack, however, China again moved to the diplomacy of ‘Hindi-Chinese brotherhood’. Again, there is talk of friendship. In 1968, however, China launched a small offensive. This time, after almost a decade, China conflicts with India again. A sudden attack on a Monday night, June 16, 2020. India has noticed that some Chinese troops have been infiltrating Indian territory in the Galwan Valley for some time. 

They are trying to create tension. The incident comes at a time when China is being humiliated by the United States in the Corona debate around the world. US President Donald Trump has started calling on the United Nations, starting with the World Health Organization, to name the coronavirus as the Chinese virus. 

Trying to prove in various ways that the origin of this coronavirus is from China. At such a time when China is engaged in self-defence, what is the purpose of China's attack on India?

First, in domestic politics, China has been able to shift its focus to the war against India. Although in a dictatorial country, inside the country, there is elite strife within the party. Party Congress is coming. For the rest of his life, Xi Jinping has changed the constitution to allow himself to be chairman of China. 

 Overall this, responsible for internal feuds in the party. China itself was embarrassed enough then. China has also economic problems. China's exports have suffered as a result of being isolated. There is a demand for Chinese products in different markets. China also has to export to other countries.

Now if there are obstacles from other countries, then China's exports will be hampered. In such a situation, China seems to be attacking India with the idea that Trump has drawn India closer. 

Trump is effectively pushing India and Japan back against China to corner China. India is not a member of NATO. But in practice, a strategic partnership with the United States is becoming India's. It was not at all like China. Many think that attacking India was a tactic to teach a lesson to America.

If so, why is China moving away now? Is it a pre-planned screenplay? The same has happened in the past. Is that happening again? One reason, a top Southbloc official said, is that the Chinese troops are not very accustomed to the extreme cold there. 

Having a tent near such a Pangong lake for a long time has caused various physical problems and adaptation problems from breathing difficulties. These problems, however, have been largely resolved by the Indian Army in Siachen.

They have trained themselves that way. China may have increased its weapons and modern equipment by increasing defence spending. But the experience of war in China is not very much the same today. 

That is why it was so urgent to evacuate the Chinese troops. Because they could no longer stay there. Physically they were getting very sick.

China has also gone through many transformations. From Mao Zedong and Chou En-Lai, the market economy came in Deng Xiaoping's Chinese socialism. Then Xi Jinping 
came. Xi Jinping may have felt that he too needed to expand. So if the market economy is to expand its empire around the world, it must also penetrate neighbouring countries. 

That is why not only Pakistan but also Bangladesh has to be taken along. Pakistan has always been on its axis. In the state system of Bangladesh, if China can extend its hand of friendship, it will benefit economically. The most recent project in China has been dubbed ‘One Belt One Road’ and China want to outreach it to the whole world.

He also repeatedly appealed to Bangladesh to take part in it. Trying to convince India too. But so far India has not agreed and has not sent a representative. Even if India does not do it, China is making every effort for Bangladesh to do it. China acknowledges that so far it has not received similar cooperation from Bangladesh.

 Now the point is that if ‘OBOR' is a development project at this time and if it is possible to take the whole country forward through dialogue. As China is officially saying, it could paint a different picture.

Because China has officially said that it is not the only project of China, it is the project of the people of the whole world. Xi Jinping said on March 26, 2015, that ‘The Belt and Road Initiative will not be a solo for China. But a real chorus comprising all countries along with the roots ’.

Although Xi Jinping said this, when he invaded India, his faith cracked. And that's why it's hard to trust this over. Now that the withdrawal of Chinese troops has begun, another question arises as to whether China's decision follows the departure of Trump from the United States and the presidency of Biden, the leader of the Democratic Party. Because some scenarios of international politics are likely to change.

There were allegations from China that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had become a little more friendly with Trump. Though Delhi is speaking, Trump's style of politics was a bit person-centred. He had a histrionic and a lot of social media-centric politics.

 Because he is not a political leader like Biden who has come up step by step for a long time. He is a businessman. He is a man of entertainment. He became president after one year of politics. So his style was different.

That is why the United States may have created a much better perception of India than it had good relations with China to corner China. But diplomatically, India has suffered a small loss. Diplomatic misunderstandings with China have increased for this perception.

India's priority now is to reduce this misunderstanding. In his book, Foreign Minister Jayashankar has openly written that war is never desirable for any country today. The most urgent task is to solve the problem through diplomatic means. And in the Art of War, Sun Tzu writes, any war means nothing but deception. 

There is no war without deception. So if today India, Bangladesh and China try to move on the path of civilization, then it can never be the path of war. So if we want to spread the light of civilization, we have to move towards peace, not war.

Today, when China and India are sitting in talks, that is, diplomatic relations have not been severed, which is what Pakistan has done with India; But that relationship did not happen with China. Negotiations are underway. Both sides are looking for a solution. That is the desired situation.

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