Cyber war turns into holy war?

The U.S. Department of Justice shut down hundreds of websites in early October. These websites carried anti-US propaganda. The Justice Department suspects the websites have links to Iran's Revolutionary Guards.

 In addition to Iran, the US Department of Justice suspects that thousands of such websites are being operated from Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Russia, Cuba and North Korea. 

 Various US agencies have complained that the websites are run with the help of the governments of the countries mentioned. The propaganda to the United States, which website operators in other Arab countries, including Iran, is called as a cyber crusade.

Propaganda against propaganda 

 They are dealing with propaganda against propaganda. The entire cyber attacks from three fronts. On the one hand, some Muslim countries in the Arab world, on the other hand, Russia and China are also engaged in a cyberwar with the United States separately.

 Russia is trying to manipulate various US data using artificial intelligence. China is dominating the US market with its IT business. The United States has already banned Chinese TikTok and Huawei. The United States is not very pleased with this. 

Military experts have warned the US administration that cyber warfare is a threat to national security. Various websites have been campaigning on several issues incorporating human rights violations in the United States, the killing of innocent civilians in the name of the war on terror in foreign countries, and police torture in the United States.

 In addition to the website, Facebook and Twitter accounts have been heavily criticized in the United States. In particular, President Donald Trump is probably the most trolled and campaigned. One of the most widely used tactics in politics is propaganda.

 There is no alternative to defeat the opponent. During the Cold War in the last century, the United States and the Soviet Union spread propaganda against each other. The United States was triumphant in using propaganda in recent times. It has tried to win public opinion with successful hype before the attacks in Iraq and Libya. 

We have heard stories of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. Libyan people were dreamt of democracy. But Iraq and Libya are now nothing but barren lands. Former CIA official Brian Raymond thinks; the United States is not able to stand up to the propaganda of Russia, Iran and China. 

In a recent article in Foreign Policy Magazine, he said the US administration was pursuing a "Cold War" strategy of the last century to confront Russia, Iran and China in a cyberwar." At that time, the media was one of the tools of propaganda in the United States. Books were also published targeting the opponents.

 Also, the United States used to seize documents from different countries. They used to try to weaken the opponent mentally by providing those secret documents in the media. Many times the US media used to campaign against the Soviet Union with fake documents. Western media developed issues of public opinion. 

Now, on the contrary, US documents are being leaked. E-mails of important people are being hacked. Trump's opponent Hillary Clinton's e-mail was hacked in the last US presidential election. The United States has repeatedly accused Russia of involvement. The information obtained by the Russian spies played an important role in determining the outcome of the election. 

Russia led the way in counter-propaganda against the United States. Since the Soviet era, Russia has changed its campaign strategy on education. During the Soviet era, Soviet policymakers believed that the United States could be confronted with revolution and revolutionary theories and ideas. But Russia has moved away from that position and had fully adopted the US strategy.

Russia's Misinformation

Russia's first move was to spread misleading news about the West. According to a 2016 report by the Russian tabloid Komsomolskaya Pravda, French President Emmanuel Macron was surrounded by homosexuals during the election campaign. The report, published shortly after the election, said Macron hated France.

 Another report, published in 2016, broke the news that a Russian-German girl had been raped and murdered by an Arab immigrant. The news was embarrassing for Europe. By spreading such news, the Russian media is now at the top of the public interest. The most searched news bulletins in Google search are Russia's Sputnik and Russia Today. 

 In addition to spreading deceiving information, the United States and the West are denouncing Russia of stealing information from the West and the US. Russia has been accused of embezzling information to help Trump to win in the previous election. For so long, the United States has been allegedly interfering in the elections of other countries.

 They were accused of stealing information. Now the United States' information is being stolen and leaked. In this case, Edward Sladen has worked as a whistleblower. He points out that data can be obtained from within the United States and that it is possible to change public opinion by disclosing it to the market. Iran, China and other countries are following the path shown by Russia.

However, each strategy is different. China last month called for cyber sovereignty. China has accused the United States of seizing information on citizens and businesses from other countries in a bid to thwart terrorism. Hence, China wants an UN-sponsored cyber-control process. China has come a long way economically and militarily. So China expects to put pressure on the United States through the United Nations as its anti-US propaganda.

Holy war of Arabs

 However, other countries like Iran are currently more enthusiastic in cyber warfare against the United States. Not just Iran, many Arab countries have enrolled this cyberwar. Hackers are regularly attacking the websites of various vital organizations in the United States. Various anti-US information is being spread from the websites. 

 The cyber fighters of Arab countries think that this conflict is like a religious war. Many of them think that the West has imposed an unjust war on the middle east especially on Palestine. Their idea is that the accomplishment of cyberwar will pave the way for conquest against an unjust war.

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