How long coronavirus pandemic will last and everything get back to normal?

The world is closing. Observing the places which are always crowded, it now looks ghostly. The situation has been created due to restrictions on daily movement, closure of schools, travel restrictions, restrictions on mass gatherings to avoid coronavirus infection.
The way the whole world has reacted to preventing coronavirus is unprecedented.
But where is the end of it? When will people be able to return to their normal daily lives?

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said Britain will be able to 'turn the tide in reverse' over the next 12 weeks. In the next three months, although the number of infections has decreased, there is still a long way to go before coronavirus infection can be completely eliminated.

May take up to several years.
How long coronavirus pandemic last and everything will be normal?
Empty street of Paris during lockdown

It is clear that the way big cities are being closed and rules are being imposed on people's daily activities, it is not possible to continue in the long run. Thus, if everything is closed, the social and economic impact will be severe. Countries need to find a strategy to get out of this situation. They have to find ways to overcome the restrictions and get back to normal life.

"It is true that imposing restrictions has prevented the spread of coronavirus. Removing these restrictions will increase the number of infections. What is the strategy for getting out of here and how do we get out of it - there are big problems with it, "said Mark Ulhaus, professor of infectious diseases at Edinburgh University.

He said that no country in the world has a strategy for the crisis.

Determining this strategy is a major scientific and social challenge now. There are three ways to do this.

1. Vaccinate

2. Coronavirus infection in many people will also develop immunity by their bodies.

3. Or to bring about change in the conduct of people and society permanently.

It will take 12 to 18 months to get the vaccine. If they receive the vaccine, they will not actually get sick with coronavirus. The more people get vaccinated, the more we will be benefited. If 60 percent of the total population is vaccinated, the virus will not spread.

Already in the United States, a person has been vaccinated with coronavirus experimentally. When a vaccine is discovered, it is first tested on any organism. The strategy that Britain has taken to combat coronavirus infection is to reduce the number of infected patients so that hospitals do not become. If the hospitals are full of patients, there will be no place in the ICU. As a result, the death toll will increase.

Britain's chief scientific adviser, Sir Patrick Valency, said it was not possible to give a specific time frame for when the coronavirus infection would go."We are talking about reducing the level of infection so that fewer people are filled up," said Neil Ferguson, a professor at Imperial College, London.

'If we can do this for more than two years, then a large part of the country will be attacked slowly. As a result, the immune system will develop in the normal way. '

But the question of how long the immune system developed through this strategy will last. In other instances of coronavirus infection, the immune system has not worked very well. Many people have been infected several times in their lives.

What are the options?

Professor Ulhaus said, "The third thing is to bring about a permanent change in our behaviour so that the level of coronavirus infection is not high."
Some of the steps that have been taken in this regard. For example, if someone is infected with coronavirus, isolate him or ensure the tests related to disease properly.

'We have initially identified patients with coronavirus and those they have contacted. But that didn't work, " said Professor Ulhaus.

He said that if the vaccine of COVID-19 is discovered, it will help to implement other strategies.

Applying a medication to the symptoms of the coronavirus in humans can prevent it from spreading to others.

Or reduce the risk of the disease by treating it in the hospital so that the pressure on the ICU or intensive care centre is reduced. If this is possible, countries will be able to handle more patients before everything is stopped or locked down.

In addition, it is possible to provide more patients in the hospital intensive care centre or ICU by providing more beds. It is also a way to deal with the situation.

Professor Chris Whitey, the chief medical adviser in Britain, was asked what the current situation was."Vaccination is the solution in the long run," he said. "We hope it will happen as soon as possible."

He hopes science will find a solution.

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